Education in Jerusalem

Education in Jerusalem
In Jerusalem there are two separate educational administrations: Manhi and Manhah.

Manhi
Manhi, acronym of Minhelet Hinuch Yerushalayim, deals with the general public school framework (Mamlachti) as well as the National Religious school system (Mamlachti Dati). The schools in the Manhi system are run under the rules and regulations of the Ministry of Education and allow for a large variety of educational directions – from yeshiva-type schools, to traditionally oriented schools, schools with a democracy orientation, to art and performance orientation, to schools which accommodate special needs, to sex-segregated schools, and schools with mixed-sex populations. The large variety of options are geared to the heterogeneous population of Jerusalem. All the schools offer matriculation (bagrut) options under the guidelines of the Ministry of Education.

Manhah
Manhah, the acronym of Minhelet Hinuch Haredi, deals with the Haredi population of Jerusalem. It includes four networks of Haredi school systems.
If one wants to select the Haredi system, it is important to bear in mind the following:
• In Israel, Haredi schools are suited for the Haredi population only.
• There must be a complete match of educational view and spiritual ideology between the family and the school.
• There are different religious levels in different schools.
• It is difficult to transfer from Mamlachti Dati to Haredi schools and vice versa.
• In most Haredi schools, matriculation exams are not offered.

There are 3 types of Manhah schools:

Mosdot Petur (exempt): There is recognition of the Ministry of Education but the curriculum in both religious and secular studies are determined by the institution. There are many more hours of religious studies. The boys generally study through 8th grade and then continue on to a yeshiva ketana. The girls study through 8th grade and then move on to a seminar where they may study through 12th grade and pass external exams that offer a private degree similar to matriculation.

Mukar She'eno Rasmi (recognized but not official): Institutions that are recognized by the Ministry of Education, and the secular education is according to the Ministry standards with the institutions' cooperation. The religious studies are totally under the control of the institution. The institutions of Hinuch Atzmai and Maayan Torani fit into this category.
In these institutions, the boys learn through 8th grade and then continue on to yeshiva ketana or to a Haredi high school yeshiva and complete bagrut. The largest majority elect the yeshiva ketana option. The girls study through 8th grade and then continue on to a seminar where they can do external exams or bagrut (depending on the seminar).

Haredi Rasmi (recognized): In these institutions all the secular studies are on the basis of the Ministry of Educations curriculum. In addition, the religious studies are on a very high standard. Both the boys and girls schools continue through 12th grade. The schools offer full matriculation.

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Secondary Education – Schools with Olim Absorption
There are 66 public junior high and high schools in the city – Mamlachti and Mamlachti Dati. In addition, there are privately-run schools, and schools for the Haredi sector. Manhi is aware that learning Hebrew is essential to the children's ability to integrate into Israeli society and is committed to assisting students in their first step of social and educational integration.

A new framework for olim has started recently – Schools with Olim Absorption. The following services are provided in selected schools:
a. Hebrew language study in the framework of an ulpan class.
b. General assistance for all subjects studies, especially in Hebrew terminology, under the framework of ''olim hour'' given to the school by the Ministry of Education
c. Social integration in the school's activities.

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For more details and contact information on the departments of Manhi and Manhah, see the following links on the website of the Jerusalem Municipality:
Manhi
Manhah

Akiva Werber
Project Director
Olim from English-Speaking Countries
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